In 2016 the ‘New State Pension’ was introduced. As part of transitional arrangements to the new State Pension, taxpayers have been able to make voluntary contributions in relation to any incomplete years in their National Insurance record between April 2006 and April 2016.
Anyone who is retiring on or after 6th April 2016, under the ‘new State Pension’ rules, requires approximately thirty five qualifying years to claim the full state pension.
The U.K. government has extended the voluntary National Insurance contribution deadline from 5th April 2023 to 31st July 2023. This will allow taxpayers more time to fill gaps in their NI records to maximise the amount they will receive in State Pension.
Therefore, if you’re a man born after 5th April 1951 or a woman born after 5th April 1953 you have until 31st July 2023 to pay voluntary contributions to make up for gaps between tax years April 2006 and April 2016, providing you’re eligible.
Where there are gaps in an individual’s National Insurance record, voluntary NICs can be paid to be eligible for a higher State Pension or entitlement to other state benefits. Therefore, anyone with gaps in their National Insurance record from April 2006 onwards still has time to fill the gaps and increase their State Pension.
After 31st July 2023 you’ll only be able to pay for voluntary contributions for the past six years which may not be sufficient to qualify for a new State Pension if you have less than four qualifying years on your National Insurance record. Normally, you would require at least ten qualifying years in total.
Please be aware that any payments made will be at the lower 2022 to 2023 tax year rates. In other words, where the rates of voluntary National Insurance contributions were due to go to up from 6th April 2023, payments made by 31st July 2023 will be paid at the lower rate.
To look at your personal tax account to view your National Insurance record and obtain a state pension forecast, without charge, please click link: https://www.gov.uk/check-state-pension
The Future Pension Centre can tell you if paying for extra national insurance years will increase your state pension entitlement. For full details, please click: https://www.gov.uk/future-pension-centre
Based on the information you receive from HMRC, if you have returned to Ireland and you decide to top up your pension contributions before the deadline date, please find link to Application Form: https://assets.publishing.service.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/1102905/CF83.pdf
Please click for full HMRC guidance material which may be relevant to you if you have returned from working in the UK: https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/social-security-abroad-ni38/guidance-on-social-security-abroad-ni38#deciding-whether-to-pay-voluntary-national-insurance-contributions
The ability to buy back years by looking back to 2006 is scheduled to end on 31st July 2023. After the cut-off date, it will only be possible to pay for gaps in your National Insurance record by looking at the past six years. This means that you could lose out on the opportunity to maximise your UK State Pension for gap years before 2017.
The Special Assignee Relief Programme (“SARP”) was introduced on 1st January 2012 to provide Income Tax Relief for eligible employees assigned to work in Ireland from abroad. It was due to expire for new entrants on 31st December 2022, however, Finance Act 2022 extended the relief for a further three years, up until 31st December 2025.
Prior to 1st January 2023, an individual was required to earn a minimum basic salary of €75,000 per annum (excluding all bonuses, benefits or share based remuneration) in order to be eligible for SARP.
From 1st January 2023 onwards the employee must have a minimum base salary of €100,000 per annum. This amount excludes all bonuses, commissions or other similar payments, benefits or share-based remuneration.
A number of conditions need to be satisfied for this relief to apply, as follows:
Mark arrived in Ireland from USA on 17th October 2019 on a 5-year contract.
He was not Irish tax resident in 2019.
As Mark was tax resident in Ireland in 2020, he was entitled to claim relief under SARP.
His first year of claim was, therefore, 2020.
He can continue to claim SARP up to and including 2025 if he continues to satisfy the relevant conditions for the Relief.
The relief operates by:
Relief is not extended to Universal Social Charge (USC) so the individual must pay USC on the full amount of his/her/their salary.
The specified amount is not exempt from PRSI, unless the employee is relieved from paying Irish PRSI under either an EU Regulation or under a bilateral agreement with another jurisdiction.
The relief operates by providing a deduction for income tax purposes from remuneration based on the following formula:
(A-B) X 30%
A = Qualifying Remuneration i.e. total remuneration. This includes:
B = €100,000 (prior to 1st January 2023 it was €75,000)
Thomas arrived in Ireland on 1st January 2023 and meets all the above conditions to qualify for SARP relief.
His salary is €120,000, his bonus is €15,000 and he receives a benefits in kind (e.g. medical insurance) valued at €3,000.
A = €138,000 i.e. €120,000 + €15,000 + €3,000
B = €100,000 i.e. qualifying Income Threshold
SARP Deduction = (€138,000 – €100,000) = €38,000 @ 30% = €11,400
Thomas’s marginal Income Tax rate in Ireland is 40%, therefore his Income Tax saving is €4,560 i.e. €11,400 x 40%
It’s important to keep in mind that 8% USC and 4% PRSI, if applicable, will apply to this employment income.
SARP relief can be claimed by the employee in one of two ways:
An employee who receives SARP Relief is considered to be a “chargeable person” for Income Tax purposes. He/she/they is/are required to submit an Income Tax Return to the Irish Revenue Commissioners in respect of each year for which relief is claimed. The Form 11 Tax Return may be filed by way of a paper form or through the Revenue’s On-Line Service (ROS).
Employees who have registered and qualify for SARP must file a Form 11 Tax Return by 31st October following the end of the tax year.
By completing Part C of Form SARP 1A and submitting it to Revenue, SARP Relief can be granted at source through the employee’s payroll.
The employer is required to make this application only once.
Relief can be granted at source through payroll for the duration of the assignment, up to a maximum of five years, providing the employee continues to satisfy all the relevant conditions.
The publication of Draft Residential Zoned Land Tax Maps by local authorities was announced today by the Minister for Finance, Paschal Donohoe T.D. and the Minister for Housing, Local Government and Heritage, Darragh O’Brien T.D.
Landowners have until 1st January 2023 to make a submission to the relevant local authority as to whether or not their land, on the map, satisfies the criteria to be liable to the tax.
This is part of the implementation of the Residential Zoned Land Tax (RZLT).
What is RZLT?
As you may remember, Residential Zoned Land Tax (RZLT) was introduced by Finance Act 2021 as part of the Government’s ‘Housing for All – a New Housing Plan for Ireland’.
Land within the scope of RZLT will be liable to an annual 3% tax based on its market value from 1st January 2024 onwards.
RZLT will apply to land that on, or after, 1st January 2022, is:
In other words, where the land is zoned as suitable for residential development and serviced after 1st January 2022, tax will be first due in the third year after it comes within scope.
The primary objective of RZLT is activate land for residential development and not to increase the Government’s tax revenue.
It will operate on a self-assessment basis, which places the filing and payments obligations on the landowners. You must retain detailed records to enable the Revenue Commissioners to verify the correct amount of RZLT due and payable.
What should you do?
If you own land liable to RZLT, you must register for the tax.
You will be able to register for RZLT from late 2023.
You will be required to file an annual return to Revenue and pay any liability on or before 23rd May of each year, beginning in 2024.
Please be aware that interest, penalties and surcharges will apply in relation to cases of non-compliance, for example:
There are a number of exclusions from RZLT.
Certain properties are excluded from RZLT such as existing residential properties.
Homeowners will not have to pay the RZLT if they own a dwelling which appears on the local authorities’ RZLT Maps, and this property is subject to Local Property Tax (LPT). In other words, residential properties liable for Local Property Tax (LPT) are not subject to RZLT.
If, however, your garden/yard/land is greater than 0.4047 hectares (one acre) then you must register for RZLT.
No RZLT, however, is payable by owners of these properties.
For full information, please click:
Today, Minister for Finance, Paschal Donohoe T.D., and Minister for Public Expenditure and Reform, Michael McGrath T.D. presented Budget 2023.
Minister Donohoe announced an extension to a number of existing personal tax reliefs including:
Key measures include:
The scheme will continue at current rates for another two years and will expire on 31st December 2024
Vacant Homes Tax (“VHT”)
A VHT will apply to residential properties which are occupied for less than 30 days in a 12 month period.
Exemptions will apply where the property is vacant for “genuine reasons.”
The applicable tax rate is three times the existing local property tax (“LPT”) rate
Residential Development Stamp Duty Refund Scheme
The stamp duty refund scheme will continue until the end of 2025.
The stamp duty residential land rebate scheme allows for a refund of eleven-fifteenths of the stamp duty paid on land that is subsequently developed for residential purposes. was due to expire on 31 December 2022. It has been extended to the end of 2025.
Pre-letting Expenses on Certain Vacant Residential Properties
The limit for landlords claiming allowable pre-letting expenses is to be increased from €5,000 to €10,000.
The vacancy period is to be reduced from 12 months to 6 months.
Levy on Concrete Blocks, Pouring Concrete and other Concrete Products
A 10% levy was announced in response to the significant funding required in respect of the defective blocks redress scheme. A 10% levy will be applied to concrete blocks, pouring concrete, and certain other concrete products
This levy applies from 3rd April 2023.
9% VAT rate for hospitality and tourism sector
The 9% VAT rate currently in place to support the tourism and hospitality sectors will continue until 28th February 2023.
9% VAT rate on electricity and gas supplies
The temporary reduction in the VAT rate applicable to gas and electricity supplies (from 13.5% to 9%) will be extended to 28th February 2023.
Farmers’ Flat-Rate Addition
The flat-rate addition is being reduced from 5.5% to 5% in accordance with criteria set out in the EU VAT Directive.
This change will apply from 1st January 2023.
From 1st January 2023 VAT on newspapers, including digital editions will be reduced from 9% to 0%.
On 27th April 2022 Revenue updated its guidance material to provide clarity on the tax treatment of transactions involving crypto-assets. This latest publication also provides worked examples.
The terms “cryptocurrency” and “cryptocurrencies” are not defined.
The Irish Central Bank places cryptocurrencies, digital currencies, and virtual currencies into the same category of digital money. It is important to bear in mind, however, that although defined in this manner, these “currencies” are unregulated and decentralised which means that no central bank either guarantees them or controls their supply.
Throughout Revenue’s updated document the term “crypto-asset” is used, which includes cryptocurrencies, crypto-assets, virtual currencies, digital money or any variations of these terms. Revenue state that the information contained in their most updated guidance is for tax purposes only.
Under Section TCA97 Ch4 s71–5, an individual who is resident in Ireland but not Irish domiciled is liable to Irish income tax in full on his/her/their income arising in Ireland, and on “non-Irish income” only to the extent that it is remitted to Ireland.
This is known as the remittance basis of taxation.
It’s important to keep in mind that the remittance basis of taxation does not apply to income from an office or employment where that income relates to the performance of the duties of that office or employment which are carried out in Ireland.
Section 29 TCA 1997 is the charging section for Capital Gains Tax.
s29(2) TCA 1997 states that a person who is Irish resident or ordinarily resident and is Irish domiciled is chargeable to Irish CGT on gains on all disposals (on his/her/their worldwide assets) arising in the year of assessment regardless of whether the gains are remitted to Ireland or not.
s29(4) TCA 1997 states that an individual who is Irish resident, or ordinarily resident, but not Irish domiciled is chargeable on gains arising on disposals of Irish assets in the year of assessment as well as on remittances to Ireland in the year of assessment in respect of gains on the disposals of foreign assets. In other words, an Irish resident/ordinarily resident but non domiciled individual is liable to Irish CGT on remittances in respect of gains arising on the disposal of assets situated outside the state.
From professional experience, the location of the crypto asset is often difficult to prove.
According to Revenue’s most recent publication:
“… where a crypto-asset exists ‘on the cloud’, it will not actually be situated anywhere and therefore, cannot be
viewed as ‘situated outside the State’.”
If the crypto-asset isn’t located anywhere and isn’t, therefore, considered to be a “disposal of an asset outside the state” then the remittance basis of taxation does not apply and the gain arising will be liable to Irish Capital Gains Tax based on the residency rules of the individual.
As you can see, it is very much the responsibility of the taxpayer to be able to prove the location where the gain arose on the disposal of the crypto-assets.
Revenue have outlined their record keeping provisions in relation to all taxes as follows: https://www.revenue.ie/en/starting-a-business/starting-a-business/keeping-records.aspx
In situations where the records are stored in a wallet or vault on any device including a personal computer, mobile phone, tablet or similar device, please be aware that these records must be made available to Revenue, if requested.
As with all taxes, full and complete records must be retained for six years in accordance with legislation. It is important to keep in mind that these provisions apply to all taxpayers, including PAYE only taxpayers.
For further information, please follow the link: https://www.revenue.ie/en/tax-professionals/tdm/income-tax-capital-gains-tax-corporation-tax/part-02/02-01-03.pdf
Today, 14th April 2022. the Irish Revenue published guidance (Revenue eBrief No. 090/22) on the tax treatments of Ukrainians, who continue to be employed by their Ukrainian employer while they perform the duties of their employment, remotely, in Ireland.
The Guidance material outlines a number of concessions which will apply for the 2022 tax year.
As you’re aware, income earned from a non-Irish employment, where the performance of those duties is carried out in Ireland, is liable to Irish payroll taxes irrespective of the employee’s or employer’s tax residence status. However, by concession, the Irish Revenue are prepared to treat Irish-based employees of Ukrainian employers as not being liable to Irish Income Tax and USC in respect of Ukrainian employment income that is attributable to the performance of duties in Ireland.
Ukrainian Employers will not be required to register as employers in Ireland and operate Irish payroll taxes in respect of such income.
Please be aware that this concession only relates to employment income which is (a) paid to an Irish-based employee (b) by their Ukrainian employer.
In order for the above concessions to apply, two conditions must be met:
The Irish Revenue will disregard for Corporation Tax purposes any employee, director, service provider or agent who has come to Ireland because of the war in Ukraine and whose presence here has unavoidably been extended as a result of the war in Ukraine.
Again, such concessionary treatment only applies in circumstances where the relevant person would have been present in Ukraine but for the war there.
For any individual or relevant entity availing of the concessional tax treatment, it is essential that he/she/they retain any documents or other evidence, including records with the individual’s arrival date in Ireland, which clearly shows that the individual’s presence in Ireland and the reason the duties of employment are carried out in the state is due to the war in Ukraine. These records must be retained by the relevant individual or entity as Revenue may request such evidence.
For further information, please follow link: https://www.revenue.ie/en/tax-professionals/ebrief/2022/no-0902022.aspx
On 21st December 2021, the Government announced the expansion of supports for businesses impacted by public health restrictions that came into effect from 20th December 2021 to 31st January 2022 including changes to:
A summary of the developments to the schemes is outlined below.
On 9th December 2021 it was announced that the enhanced subsidy rates under the EWSS will continue until 31st January 2022. In other words these enhanced rates will be paid in respect of payroll submissions which have pay dates in December 2021 and January 2022.
Today, Minister Donohoe confirmed that the EWSS will also be reopened for certain businesses who would not otherwise be eligible for the scheme.
Employers can re-join the scheme from January 2022 if they meet the following conditions:
Employers who qualify for re-entry to the EWSS will receive support from 1st January 2022 onwards. These businesses can remain in the scheme until its expiry date of 30th April 2022.
Please bear in mind that the business must experience a 30% reduction in (a) turnover or (b) customer orders during a particular reference period to qualify.
Businesses that commence trading operations from 1st January 2022 onwards will not be eligible for the scheme.
For further information, please click: https://www.revenue.ie/en/corporate/press-office/budget-information/2021/crss-guidelines.pdf
From 20th December 2021, the CRSS opens to businesses within the hospitality and indoor entertainment sector such as bars, restaurants and hotels as well as theatres and cinemas that are now required to close by 8pm each night until 31st January 2022.
The eligibility criteria regarding the reduction in turnover has also increased to no more than 40% of 2019 turnover. Previously it was no more than 25% of the 2019 turnover.
Companies, self-employed individuals and partnerships that carry out a taxable trade can apply for the CRSS.
A qualifying person who meets the revised eligibility criteria can make a claim to Revenue in respect of each week that the eligible business/trading activity is affected by the imposed Covid restrictions.
A qualifying person who carries on such a business is eligible to make a payment claim under the Covid Restrictions Support Scheme if:
For businesses established in the period between 13th October 2020 and 26th July 2021, they are eligible to apply for support under the scheme, however, they are first required to register for CRSS via ROS. It will only be possible to make a claim once the business has an active CRSS registration.
If the eligible business meets the revised criteria to qualify for the scheme and has previously received CRSS payments in relation to a business premises carrying out a trading activity which was affected by the current public health restrictions, this business can make a CRSS claim using the ROS e-Repayments facility from 22nd December 2022.
Claims can be made in blocks of up to three weeks at a time. The respective amounts due will be paid by Revenue in one single payment. The normal repayment period is three days from the date the claim was submitted.
In circumstances where a qualifying person carries on more than one eligible business activity from separate/different business premises, then it is possible to make a separate claim in relation to each trading /business activity.
If it’s possible for the business to reopen without having to prevent or significantly restrict access to it’s premises, then this business will not qualify for CRSS. A business will not be eligible for the CRSS for periods where it chooses or decides not to open.
In situations where it is not feasible for a qualifying person to continue carrying on a relevant business activity during the period of restrictions, a claim for support under the CRSS can still be made. This is on condition that the eligibility criteria have been met. In order to qualify, the person must have actively carried on the relevant business activity up to the date the latest public health restrictions were imposed and must intend to continue carrying on that same activity once those restrictions have been eased.
The weekly payment is calculated as follows
For the purposes of the CRSS, the “Average weekly turnover” is defined as:
For further information, please click the link: https://www.revenue.ie/en/corporate/press-office/budget-information/2021/crss-guidelines.pdf
The Revenue Commissioners have confirmed that November/December 2021 VAT liabilities and December 2021 PAYE (Employer) liabilities will be automatically warehoused for businesses which are already availing of the scheme.
The Government confirmed that the Covid restricted trading phase of the Debt Warehousing Scheme (Period 1) will be extended by three months to 31st March 2022 for taxpayers who are eligible for the COVID-19 support schemes. This effectively means that tax debts arising for such affected businesses in the first three months of 2022 can be warehoused.
The zero interest phase of the Debt Warehousing Scheme or Period 2 will begin on 1st April 2022 for those businesses and will run until 31st March 2023.
For further information, please click the link: https://www.revenue.ie/en/corporate/communications/documents/debt-warehousing-reduced-interest-measures.pdf
The Revenue Commissioners acknowledge the on-going efforts by taxpayers and agents and in light of the current Covid-19 developments, the Pay and File deadline for ROS customers has been extended to Friday, 19th November at 5.00pm.
For full information, please follow link: https://www.revenue.ie/en/tax-professionals/ebrief/2021/no-2112021.aspx
Revenue has confirmed that the extended ROS Pay and File deadline is Wednesday, 17th November 2021.
For self assessment Income Taxpayers who file their 2020 Form 11 Tax Return and make the appropriate payment through the Revenue Online System in relation to (i) Preliminary Tax for 2021 and/or (ii) the balance of Income Tax due for 2020, the filing date has been extended to Wednesday, 17th November 2021.
This extended deadline will also apply to CAT returns and appropriate payments made through ROS for beneficiaries who receive gifts and/or inheritances with valuation dates in the year ended 31st August 2021.
To qualify for the extension, taxpayers must pay and file through the ROS system.
In situations where only one of these actions is completed through the Revenue Online System, the extension will not apply. As a result, both the submission of tax returns and relevant payments must be made on or before 31st October 2021.